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英泰學校推薦閱讀丨高中英語50個知識點,高考大概率會考??!

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動詞短語搭配

1. be fond of “喜愛,愛好” 接名詞、代詞或動詞的-ing形式
[1] He’s fond of swimming. 他喜歡游泳。
[2] Are you fond of fresh vegetables. 你喜歡新鮮蔬菜嗎?
[3] He is fond of his research work. 他喜愛他的研究工作。
 
2. hunt for = look for 尋找
hunt for a job 找工作
 
3. in order to/so as to
兩個詞組都可引導不定式作目的狀語, in order to可放于句首, so as to則不能, 其否定形式為in order not to / so as not to.
 
[1] He went to Beijing in order to/so as to attend an important meeting.
[2] In order to be noticed, he shouted and waved to us.
為了讓我們注意他, 他朝我們又是叫喊又是揮手。
 
4. care about
[1] 喜歡,對……有興趣 = care for
She doesn’t care about money.她不喜歡錢。
 
[2] 關心 = care for
She thinks only of herself. She doesn’t care about other people. 她只考慮自己。不關心別人。
 
[3] 在乎,在意(接從句或不接任何成分)
These young people care nothing about what old people might say. 這些年輕人根本不在乎老人說的話。
 
5. such as 意為“諸如……”,“像……”,是用來列舉人或事物的。
 
She teaches three subjects, such as physics and chemistry. 她教三門科目,像物理、化學。
 
6. drop a line 留下便條, 寫封短信
 
7. make yourself at home 別客氣;隨便;無拘束
If you get to my house before I do, help yourself to a drink and make yourself at home. 
如果你在我之前到我家,自己喝點飲料,隨便一點。
 
8. stay up 不睡;熬夜
[1] I'll be late home, don't stay up for me.
我將回家很晚,不要等我了。
[2] He stayed up reading until 2:00 in the morning.
他熬夜看書直到凌晨兩點。
 
9. come about 引起;發生;產生
[1] How did the accident come about?
這場事故是怎么發生的?
[2] They didn't know how the change had come about.
他們不知道這個變化是怎樣產生的。
 
10. except for 除……之外
[1] except 與 except for 的用法常有區別。except 多用于引起同類事物中被排除的一項。如:
①He answered all the questions except the last one.
除去最后一個,他回答了所有問題。
②We go there everyday except Sunday.
除了星期天,我們天天去那里。
 
[2] except for 用于引述細節以修正句子的主要意思。如:
①Except for oneold lady, the bus was empty.
除去一個老太太,這輛公共汽車全空了。
②Your picture isgood except for the colours.
你的畫兒很好,只是某些色彩有問題。
 
[3] 但在現代英語中,except for也用于表示except的意思。如上述第一個例子可以是:
He answered all the questions except for the last one.
 
[4] 另外,在介詞短語之前只能用except,不能用except for。
We go to bed before ten, except in the summer.
除了夏季,我們通常十點之前上床睡覺。
 
11. end up with 以……告終;以……結束
The party ended up with an English song.聚會以一首英文歌結束。
 
12. more or less 幾乎;差不多;大約;大概;大體上
[1] I've more or less succeeded, but they haven't.
我差不多成功了,而他們沒有。
[2] Our living condition has more or less improved.
我們的生活水平或多或少提高了。
 
13. bring in 引進;引來;吸收
[1] We should bring in new technology.
我們應該引進新技術。
[2] He brings in 800 dollars a month.
他一個月掙八百美元。
 
14. get away(from) 逃離
[1] The thieves got away from the shop with all our money.
小偷帶著我們所有的錢從商店逃跑了。
[2] I caught a really big fish but it got away.
我釣到了一條好大的魚,可是它逃掉了。
 
15. watch out (for)注意;留心
[1] Watch out! There is a car coming.
小心!汽車來了。
[2] Watch out for the hole in the road.
留神路上的那個坑。
 
16. see sb. off 給某人送行
Tomorrow I will see my friend off at the railway station.
明天我到火車站給朋友送行。
 
17. on the other hand 另一方面; 用以引出相互矛盾的觀點、意見等,常說 on the one hand …… on the other hand 一方面……另一方面。
 
I know this job of mine isn't well paid, but on the other hand I don't have to work long hours.
我知道這份工作報酬不高,但從另一方面來說,我也不必工作太長時間。
 
18. as well as 和,還
He is a talented musician as well as being a photographer.
她不但是攝影師還是個天才的音樂家。
 
19. take place 發生 
take one’s place 入座、站好位置、取得地位
take sb’s place 或 take the place of 代替、取代
 
20. on fire 相當于burning, 意為“燃燒;著火;起火”,有靜態的含意。catch fire有動態的含意。 
 
set…on fire/set fire to…用來表示“使……著火”、“放火燒……”。 
 
Look, the theatre is on fire! Let’s go and help.瞧,劇院著火了,咱們去幫忙救火吧。 
 
21. on holiday 在度假,在休假中 
When I was on holiday, I visited my uncle. 
我在度假的時候去看望了叔叔。 
 
22. travel agency旅行社
=travel bureau
 
23. take off 
[1] 脫下(衣服等), 解(除)掉 
He took off his wet shoes.他脫下了濕鞋子。 
 
[2] (飛機)起飛 
The plane took off on time. It was a smooth take-off.飛機準時起飛。起飛非常順利。 
 
[3] 匆匆離開 
The six men got into the car and took off for the park.這六個人上了車,匆匆離開去公園。 
 
24. go wrong  v. 走錯路, 誤入岐途, (機器等)發生故障 
 
25. in all  adv. 總共 
 
26. stay away v.外出 
 
27. look up 查詢(如賓語為代詞,則代詞放中間) 
Look up the word in the dictionary. 在字典里查單詞。
 
相關詞組:look for 尋找;look after照顧,照料;look forward to期待;look into調查;look on旁觀;look out注意;look out for注意,留心,提防;look over翻閱,查看,檢查;look around環視;look through翻閱,查看。 
 
28. run after  追逐,追求 
If you run after two hares, you will catch neither.同時追兩只兔子,你一只也抓不到。
 
29. on the air  廣播 
[1] We will be on the air in five minutes.我們五分鐘以后開始廣播。 
[2] This programme comes on the air at the same time every day.這個節目每天在同一時間播出。
 
30. think highly/well/much of對……評價很高, 贊賞, 對……印象好;
think badly/nothing/little/lowly of……認為不好, 對……不在意, 不贊成, 覺得……不怎么樣 
 
[1] He was highly thought of by the manager.經理對他非常贊賞。 
[2] I think well of your suggestion.我覺得你的建議很好。 
[3] I don’t think much of him as a teacher.我覺得他作為一個老師不怎么樣。 
 
31. leave out 
[1] 漏掉 
You made a mistake—You’ve left out a letter “t”.你出錯了—你漏掉了一個字母t.
[2] 刪掉, 沒用 
I haven’t changed or left out athing.我沒有作出變動也沒有刪掉任何東西。 
 
32. stare at (由于好奇、激動等張著嘴巴,睜大眼睛地)
[1] 凝視,盯著看 
Don’t stare at foreigners. It’s impolite.不要盯著外國人看,這樣不禮貌。 
 
[2] glare at (to stare angrily at)怒視著 
 
33. make jokes about 就……說笑 
They make jokes about my old hat.他們就我的舊帽子說笑我。 
 
[1] have a joke with … about…跟某人開關于某事的玩笑
He stopped to have a joke with me.他停下來跟我開玩笑。
[2] play a joke on…開某人的玩笑 
We played jokes on each other. 我們互相開玩笑。 
[3] v. joke about 取笑
They joked about my broken English.他們取笑我蹩腳的英。
 
34. take over  接管;接替;繼承 
[1] What is good and still useful should be taken over.好的有用的東西應當繼承。 
[2] Our chairman has left, so Jack will take over (his job).我們的主席走了,因此杰克將接管(他的工作)。 
 
35. break down
[1] 破壞;拆散 
①Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances. 人體中的化學元素把食物分解成有用的物質。 
②The peace talks are said to have broken down. (喻)據說和談破裂了。 
 
[2](機器)損壞 
①Our truck broke down outside town. 我們的卡車在城外拋錨了。 
②The car broke down halfway to the destination.汽車在到達目的地的中途拋錨了。 
 
[3] 失??;破裂 
Their opposition broke down.他們的反對意見打消了。 
 
[4] 精神崩潰;失去控制 
He broke down and wept. 他不禁失聲痛哭。
 
[5] 起化學變化 
Food is broken down by chemicals. 化學物質引起食物轉化。 
 
36. get on one’s feet
[1] 站起來;站起來發言 
[2] (=stand on one's feet)自立, 經濟上獨立 
[3] (人)病好了, 可以起床了; (使)恢復, 復蘇(指企業)
 
37. go through
[1] 經歷;經受;遭到 
These countries have gone / been through too many wars.這些國家飽經戰火。 
 
[2] 完成;做完
I didn't want to go through college.我不想上完大學。 
 
[3] 通過;批準 
①The law has gone through Parliament. 議會已經通過了這項法案。 
②Their plans went through. 他們的計劃得到了批準。 
 
[4] 全面檢查;搜查 
They went through our luggage at the customs.在海關他們檢查了我們的行李。
 
38.take over  接管;接替;繼承 
①what is good and still useful should be taken over.好的有用的東西應當繼承。 
②Our chairman has left, so Jack will take over (his job).我們的主席走了,因此杰克將接管(他的工作)。 
 
2
 
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39. “So + be/have/助動詞/情態動詞+主詞”的結構。此結構中的語序是倒裝的,“So”代替上句中的某個成分。如果上面一句是否定句,則使用“Neither/Nor+be/have/助動詞/情態動詞+主語”的結構。 
 
[1] He’s tired, and so am I. (=I’ m also tired.)
 
[2] You can swim,and so can I.(=I can also swim.)
She has had supper,and so can I.(=I’ve had lunch,too.)
 
[3] Tom speaks English,and so does his sister.(=His sister speaks English,too.)
A: I went to the park yesterday.
B: So did I.(=I also went to the park yesterday.)
 
40.“So +主語+be/have/助動詞/情態動詞”結構中的主謂是正常語序,so相當于indeed,certainly, 表示說話人對前面或對方所說情況的肯定、贊同或證實,語氣較強,意思是“確實如此”。
 
A:It was cold yesterday.昨天很冷。
B:So it was.的確如此。(=Yes,it was.)
A:You seem to like sports.
B:So I do.(=Yes,I do.)
A:It will be fine tomorrow.
B:So it will.(=Yes ,it will.)
 
41.“主語+do/does/did + so”結構指的是按上句的要求做了。此句型中do so代替上文中要求做的事,以免重復。
 
My Chinese teacher told me to hand in my composition on time and I did so.(=I handed inmy composition on time.) 
語文老師叫我按時交作文, 我照辦了。
 
42. So it is with…或 It is the same with…句型表示 “……(的情況)也是如此。”當前面的句子中有幾種不同形式的謂語時,要表示相同情況,必須使用本句型,不能使用so 引起的倒裝句。
 
She doesn’t play the piano, but she likes singing. So it is with my sister.
 
43. There you are. 行了,好。 這是一句表示一種事情告一段落或有了最終結果的用語。
 
[1] There you are! Then let's have some coffee.
除此之外,還可以表示“瞧,對吧(果然如此)”的語氣。
 
[2] There you are! I knew we should find it at last.
對吧!我就知道我們最終能找到的。
 
44. have some difficulty (in) doing sth. 干某事有困難;接名詞時,常用句型:have some difficulty with sth.
 
[1] Do you have any difficulty (in) understanding English?
你理解英語口語有困難嗎?
[1] She said she had some difficulty with pronunciation.
她說她在發音方面有困難。
 
45. have a good knowledge of sth. “掌握……”,“對……有某種程度的了解”
 
[1] He has a good knowledge of London.
他對倫敦有所了解。
 
[2] A good knowledge of languages is always useful.
 
3
 
長難句
 
46. Wei Bin took out some peanuts and it was fun to see the monkey eat from his hand.魏彬拿出一些花生??粗镒訌乃稚铣曰ㄉ?,很有趣。
 
[1] fun “好玩,趣事”,不可數名詞,前面不加不定冠詞a
You’re sure to have some fun at the party tonight. 今天晚上你肯定會玩得很開心。
 
[2] make fun of“取笑”,“嘲弄”。
People make fun of him only because he is wearing such a strange jacket.人們嘲笑他只是因為他穿了一件那么奇怪的衣服。
 
funny adj. “可笑的,滑稽的”
He looks very funny in his father’s jacket.他穿著他父親的衣服,看上去很滑稽。
 
47. It is polite to finish eating everything on your plate.把你盤子里所有東西吃完是有禮貌的。
 
這是一個動詞不定式作主語的句型,其中to finish eating everything 是主語,it是形式主語。
 
4
 
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48. 直接引語和間接引語
[1] 直接引語在改為間接引語時,時態需要做相應的調整。
(一般過去時改成過去完成時)
I broke your CD player.→
He told me he had broken my CD player.
 
(現在完成時改成過去完成時)
Jenny said, “I have lost a book.”→
Jenny said she had lost a book.
 
(一般將來時改成過去將來時)
Mum said, “I’ll go to see a friend.”→
Mum said she would go to see a friend.
 
(過去完成時保留原有的時態)
He said, “We hadn’t finished our homework.”→
He said they hadn’t finished their homework.
 
注意:直接引語是客觀真理,過去進行時,時態不變。
 
[2] 在直接引語變間接引語時,如果從句中的主語時第一人稱或被第一人稱所修飾,從句中的人稱要按照主句中主語的人稱變化。如:
Mary said, “My brother is an engineer.”→
Mary said her brother was and engineer.
 
[3] 直接引語如果是反意疑問句,選擇疑問句或一般疑問句,間接引語應改為由whether或if引導的賓語從句。如:
He said, “Can you run, Mike?”→
He asked Mike whether/if he could run.
 
[4] 直接引語如果是祈使句,間接引語應改為“tell(ask, order, beg等)  (not) to do sth.”句型。如:
“Pass me the water, please.”said he.→
He asked him to pass her the water.
 
[5] 直接引語如果是以“Let’s”開頭的祈使句,變為間接引語時,通常用“suggest+動名詞或從句”的結構。如:
She said, “Let’s go to the cinema.”→
She suggested going to the cinema.
或She suggested that they should go to the cinema.
 
49. 現在進行時表將來的動作
現在進行時表將來的動作,謂語通常為瞬間動詞。如:come, go, arrive, leave, start, return, stay, meet, get等。這些動詞的進行時后不能再接具體的時間。
 
[1] 用現在進行時表示將來,指的是近期的,按計劃或安排要發生的動作。
 
[2] 現在進行時表示將來與表示正在進行的動作的區別在于:前者通常用瞬間動詞(有時一些常用動詞也可以這樣用如:do)如:go, come, start, return, get, arrive等。而后者通常是持續性動詞。
① The train is arriving soon. 火車就要進站了。
② He is reading a novel. 他在看小說。
 
[3] 用現在進行時表示將來的時間,在句中或上下文中通常有表示將來時間的狀語。
 
[4] 現在進行時與一般現在時表示將來動作的區別在于:前者表示的將來的動作往往是可以改變的,而后者則是根據規定或時間表預計要發生的動作或事情,因此往往是不可改變或不可隨便改變的。
① What are you doing next Friday?
下星期五你們打算干什么?
② The plane takes off at 7:30 tonight.
飛機今晚七點半起飛。
 
50. 主語是單數時,盡管后面跟有as well as, but ,except, besides, with ,along with, together with, like 等,謂語動詞仍用單數。
The teacher as well as his students is excited.

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